Verucchio (Romagnolo: Vròcc) is a comune in the province of Rimini, region of Emilia-Romagna, Italy. It has a population of c. 9,300 and is located at 18 km from Rimini, on a spur overlooking the valley of the Marecchia river. Traces of a 12th-9th century BC settlement, supposed of Villanovan origin, have been found in Verucchio. Later it was an Etruscan possession. The current town derives its name from Vero Occhio ("True Eye"), referring to its privileged position offering a wide panorama of the surrounding countryside and the Romagna coast.
Malatesta da Verucchio, founder of the Malatesta lordship of Romagna, was born here. His successors fortified it as a powerful bastion against the Montefeltro of Urbino. After the fall of the Malatesta (15th century), it was a fief of the Medici in the Papal States; it remained part of the latter, apart a short stint under the Republic of Venice, until 1860. In this little town the most famous place to visit is the Malatestian Fortress, the municipal Picture-gallery, the former convent of Sant'Agostino, housing the Archaeological Museum and its finds unearthed in the villanoviane verucchiesi necropolies.
In the vicinity, in Villa Verucchio, there is the convent of San Francesco, in whose cloister you can admire a secular cypress tree. Important things to see: Rocca Malatestiana (Malatesta Castle, 12th-16th century; also known as Castel del Sasso, or "Castle of the Rock"). It is one of largest and better conserved Malatestian fortifications, and was the birthplace of Malatesta da Verucchio. In 1449 Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta enlarged it.
* Archaeological Museum
* Rocca del Passerello with the annexed gate.
* Romanesque-Gothic Pieve, dating around 990.
* Franciscan Convent (c. 1215), the most ancient in Romagna. Inside the church is a masterpiece of the 13th century Riminese painting school representing the crucifixion. Outside is an high cypress that, according to the legend, was planted by St. Francis himself.
FESTIVALS AND FAIRS
In august and September the historical centre transforms in a medieval village with lots of parades, banquets, court suppers and medieval shows etc. In May many exhibitions are dedicated to rose. In July the Verucchio Festival starts with ethnical music and new tendency in music of the juvenile. In September (the second Sunday of the month) the feast of Quatorg. In January one of the biggest gastronomic events where the pig is the most important participant.